19th century Old Believer Feast Icon. Northern Russia, mid to late 19th century. It is cast from one fold of four illustrating the principal feasts. Icon has smaller icons of The Resurrection (Descent into Hell), The Ascension, The Descent of the Holy Spirit into the Apostles and the Dormition of the Mother of God. The top part depicts the Elevation of the Cross. Each icon is titled in Church Slavonic. The back of the icon has the Calvary Cross inside a cartouche in a frame with floral ornaments (see below for further descriptions). Brass casting. 6¾" (17cm) x 3⅞" (9.8cm). 8.9oz (28.3gr). 1 only. Excellent condition. Guaranteed vintage.
The cross side is rich with symbolism. The prayer in Church Slavonic at the top is: «КРЕСТУ ТВОЕМУ ПОКЛОНЯЕМСЯ, ВЛАДЫКО, И СВЯТОЕ ВОСКРЕСЕНИЕ ТВОЕ СЛАВИМ» ("WE WORSHIP THY CROSS, O LORD, AND WE GLORIFY THY HOLY RESURRECTION"). Other inscriptions in Slavonic include: "King of Glory", "Jesus Christ, Son of God", "NIKA" (He Who is Victorious").
The city of Jerusalem is depicted in the background, as the Crucifixion occurred outside the city walls. By the foot of the Cross are the letters: "Г Г" standing for 'Mount Golgotha' (in Slavonic: Гора Голгофы). This is the hill outside the city gates upon which Christ was crucified. Below are four Slavonic letters with abbreviation marks: "М.Л.Р.Б.", meaning: "The place of the skull, where Adam was" (in Slavonic: Место лобное рай бысть). Hidden in a cave under the earth is 'the skull of Adam' (by tradition Christ was crucified where Adam was buried), identified with the letters: "Г А" (in Slavonic: глава Адамла).