Gorbachev with State Emblem and Communist Leaders. Most of the the early "Gorby" (the warmhearted term for Gorbachev) dolls were made by talented amateurs in the Soviet Union in the mid to late 1980's through the end of the 1990's. This one is a somewhat more unusual set from that predates 1991. Mikhail Gorbachev transformed the USSR when he unleashed a pair of political and cultural shock waves that led to freedom of expression. The first wave was "Перестройка" (Perestroika, i.e., "Rebuilding") and the second wave was "Гласность" (Glasnost, i.e, Openness).
The creator of this early set of dolls painted the USSR state emblem originally adopted in 1923*. The faces are very nicely painted and tend towards the realistic. A stern Gorbachev with a green tie and black suit has a double sash intertwined with the old Soviet flag and the new Russian flag. Yeltsin follows, together with Brezhnev, Stalin and Lenin. The inclusion of the state symbol indicates this doll was produced around 1991 or 1992. Very good condition. Moscow, 5 nest, 7" tall down to 2". 1 only.
*Adopted on the 6th of July 1923 the emblem's crest is a red five-pointed star with golden border. Its escutcheon is the hammer and sickle, globe and the rising sun. Ears of wheat surround the emblem which is wrapped around a red ribbon with the state motto (Workers of the world, unite!) in all 15 languages of the Soviet Union.