Russian Peasant (Bauer) with Clubs (Русский крестьянин (Бауэр) с дубинками). Matryoshka-shaped figure and box of a stern peasant holding two different clubs while standing alongside a small barrel. Pieces are mounted on a wood base. Unusual Russian arts and crafts piece with enhancements that include wood burning (pyrography), painting and lacquer. Top of peasant is removable in typical nesting doll fashion. 1970's. 6" x 4½" x 2½". Near fine condition with a bit of wear. 1 only.
The Kalinin Matryoshka (Калининская Матрешка) was made in Kalinin, situated on the Upper Volga River. In actuality, Kalinin was the medieval city of Tver, but had been renamed Kalinin after one of Stalin's loyal henchmen. After 1991, many cities were restored to their pre-Soviet names, for example Sergiev Posad (Zagorsk), Tsarskoye Selo (Pushkin), Nizhny Novgorod (Gorky) to name just a few. Thus, Kalinin was restored back to Tver.