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Kiev and Polonne

The Kiev Experimental Art Ceramics Factory (Kiev ECC) was founded in 1924 on the basis of a small workshop, which manufactured ceramic paints and decals. During World War II, the plant was destroyed but restored with the influx of capital investment. Mid-20th century found an expansion of the factory to manufacture high-quality decorative painted figures. Eventually the large art workshop became one of the best in the USSR at that time. Famous porcelain artists and sculptors that worked at the plant included O. L. Zhnikrup , V. I. Shcherbina , O. P. Rapay-Markish , G. M. Kaluga, A. D. Sorokin and many others. Also, Petrikov's painting on porcelain was introduced here for the first time. The fall of the USSR was not kind to these types of enterprises and eventually the factory, around 2006, ceased to exist. A collection of museum-quality pieces were to have been transferred to the State Museum of Decorative Ukrainian Art, but instead disappeared and presumed stolen. An interesting side note is that many of the porcelain items exported under the "USSR" mark were Ukrainian, with the Kiev factory making some of the largest contributions, by some accounts almost 40%.

Polonne is an city on the Khomora River in the Khmelnitsky region in western Ukraine. Originally it was built as a castle fortress on the banks of the river. Its recorded history dates back to 998. After passing through many regimes, Polonne's status as village was finally settled in 1938, when it became a city. In the 1880's, porcelain and earthenware was crafted on the Polonsky estate. Several years after, a cooperative of craftsmen, aka "Keramik", was opened. This became the Polonsky factory of artistic ceramics, officially founded in 1956, which effectively produced millions of porcelain products annually, including many unique and beautiful pieces. After Ukraine's Independence, it was privatized and still thrived. Over time, however, economic weakness and foreign porcelain imports coupled with tax inspection and pension funding forced the company into bankruptcy in 2011. The legacy still appears to exist through the Khmelnytsky Regional Museum.

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    Embroideress [Polonne]

    Embroideress [Polonne]

    Embroideress (Вышивальщица). A classic porcelain sculpture showing a young Ukrainian woman embroidering a runner or towel with folk motifs. Polonne Artistic Ceramics Factory (Полонский фарфоровый завод художественной керамики). 1970-80's. Sculptor:...

    $75.00 $65.00
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    The Deacon and Solokho [Kiev Porcelain}

    The Deacon and Solokho [Kiev]

    The Deacon and Solokho on the hope chest (Диакон и Солоха на сундуке). A dynamic two-figure sculpture of characters from "Night before Christmas" (Ночь перед Рождеством), which is the first story in the second volume of the collection Evenings on a Farm...

    $299.00 $225.00
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    Ukrainian Couple [Polonnoe]

    Ukrainian Couple [Polonnoe]

    Ukrainian Couple. Polonnoe Artistic Ceramics Factory (Полонский фарфоровый завод художественной керамики). 1970s or 1980s. A young man and woman dressed in traditional Ukrainian colors and attires share a tender moment. Nicely painted, this style is less...

    $89.00 $65.00
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    Sleeping Night Watchman

    Sleeping Night Watchman [Kiev]

    Sleeping Guard (Спящая охрана на посту). USSR, Kiev Porcelain Factory. A figure of a guard who has fallen asleep (perhaps some coded political significance?). Attributed to Vladislav Ivanovich Shcherbina (1926-2017), a prominent Ukrainian porcelain...

    $125.00 $95.00
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    Galya and Levko [Kiev Porcelain]

    Galya and Levko [Kiev]

    Galya and Levko. (Галя и Левко). From N.V. Gogol's novel May Night from 1831-32. (Н. В. Гоголь Майская ночь). Also an opera, circa 1880, by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov in 3 acts based on Gogol's novel. Porcelain design by Oksana Leontyevna Zhnikrup (...

    $150.00 $120.00
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    Karas and Odarka Kiev Porcelain

    Karas and Odarka [Kiev]

    Ivan Karas and Odarka (Иван Карась и Одарка). Odarka defiantly takes issue with her Cossack husband, who perhaps has made a bit too much merry. Excellent details include the painted multi-color clothing and the modeling right down to the upside-down...

    $250.00 $89.95
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