President Gorbachev Matryoshka Doll. In March of 1990, the Congress of People’s Deputies elected General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev as the new president of the Soviet Union. The election was a victory for Gorbachev, but it revealed serious weaknesses in his power base that would eventually lead to the collapse of his presidency in December of 1991. He was facing criticism from reformers and communist hard-liners. The reformers (Boris Yeltsin) criticized him for the phlegmatic pace of his reform agenda. Communist hard-liners saw Gorbachev’s retreat from Marxist principles as betrayal. So Gorbachev amended the Soviet constitution and wrote a section establishing more power to the president, a position previously largely symbolic.
Gorbachev in glasses and a blue tie towers over the Soviet White House with the words "President" and "Перестройка" (Perestroika) and the Communist flag. Yeltsin follows with "Россия" (Russia), Brezhnev with medals, Stalin in green fatigues and Lenin in black with red ribbon. Probably painted in 1991 or so. 7" down to 1½". 1 only. Note: a bit of lacquer loss on first doll next to tie knot, all else near fine.
Most of the the early "Gorby" (an mildly affectionate name for "Gorbachev") dolls were made by talented amateurs in the Soviet Union. Mikhail Gorbachev transformed the USSR by unleashing a pair of political, and cultural, waves. The first was "Гласность" (Glasnost, i.e, openness) and "Перестройка" (Perestroika, i.e., rebuilding). These shock waves led to unrestrained freedom of expression.