View of the Lavra from the northwest. Zagorsk. (Вид на лавру с севера запада. г. Загорск). Interesting panel with work reminiscent of "kustar" production. Carved and painted on pine with pokerwork, painting, and matte lacquer. Made in the "Zagorsk Toy Factory No. 1" before 1991. High-quality similar to work done on boxes. Unusual in our experience. Fine condition. 11¼" x 6⅞".
Pokerwork, also known as pyrography, has been around for 500 years as a decorative element. It was in the late 19th century that painting combined with pokerwork became popular. The main ornamental composition is drawn in the wood with a heated needle. This picture is then painted in simple or complex color schemes, then coated with lacquer. Common themes include Trinity Monastery of St. Sergius, with its powerful and ancient fortress walls from the 15th-18th centuries. Other compositions depict folk festivals, fairy tales, and village themes. Trinity Sergiev Posad Monastery.
Cottage industry “kustar” work (Кустарная промышленность) was important for rural peasants and their families in parts of Russia starting in the 16th century. It developed extensively during the 19th century, producing a wide range of arts and crafts in wood, textile, and metal. Some of the more substantial enterprises later formed cooperatives and factories.