Khokhloma Bud Vase. Fonovoye style of lathing and painting indicative of circa 1960's production. (This vase falls between early styles 1900-1940 and the later "golden" work starting in the 1970s which continues to this day.) Light golden color, cinnabar, black with gold wash inside. Inventory number in black on the bottom and "Russian Shop" (the one in London) price tag. 2¾" in height and 2½" in diameter at top. Clear shiny lacquer, very minor, otherwise about fine.
Khokhloma ware is known as "treen", which is a generic name for small and hand made functional household items made of wood. These beautiful pieces of Khokhloma are all hand carved from solid wood, hand painted and lacquered. Each one unique.
Antique Khokhloma is uncommon as compared to antique lacquer boxes, icons, samovars or other similar Russian folk and handicrafts. During the 19th century wooden spoons and bowls were in everyday use. These pieces were made before the dawn of mass production for tourists from the West in the 1970s. Diplomatic relations had stabilized and the Soviet need for hard currency expanded.
The Soviet Union was founded in 1922. We have not been able to learn why some items were marked "Made in the Soviet Union" vs "Made in the USSR". Goods marked in English were intended for export to countries where English was spoken. In our experience, it seems as if MITSU is an earlier designation than MITUSSR. Of course, "Made in Russia" on old items indicate pre-1922 production as the export of Khokhloma products had begun in earnest at the beginning of the 20th century.