Lipetsk miniature painting has been categorized as the "legendary" fifth village. It is less well known among collectors of Russian miniature art and has a mixed history. Lipetsk is a city about 280 miles south of Moscow. Roughly 50 years ago, Yevgeniy Prokopyevich Chalykh (Евгений Прокопьевич Чалых), a rich director of a fuel company, founded an artist's collective and named it Lipetskiye Uzori (Липецкие узоры), which means "Lipetsk Patterns". He enticed artists from Kholui and Mstera, and occasionally Palekh, with inexpensive housing and a steady income. They painted lacquer boxes on papier-mache, decorated Tula metal samovars in Khokhloma and Zhostovo patterns, including the trays and teapots, and painted wood carvings in the style of Khokhloma. Lipetsk had its heyday and, when painted by accomplished artists, was high-quality with a beauty and elegance all its own. Official Lipetsk production was known as Lipetsk-K (for Kombinat), while Lipetsk-C was a breakaway cooperative which cranked out cheap brooches. Lipetsk-U (Uzori) painted the Khokhloma-style woodenware. .
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