Fedoskino (Федоскинская миниатюра) is the oldest traditional Russian lacquer miniature painting center, known since the 18th century. Its distinctive style of painting on papier-mache is far different than the other villages as the artists use oil paints applied in many layers. Other elements include mother-of-pearl (both river and freshwater), pure gold or silver leaf (to create a shimmering glow or silvery sparkle), and metallic powders mixed into the paints. Occasionally boxes can even imitate tortoise-shell, malachite, birch bark, mahogany, marble or tartan. Popular subjects include troikas, portraits, village life, and tea-drinking from a samovar.