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Some information about the symbolism of the cross

An Explanation of the Traditional Russian Orthodox Three-bar Cross (also known as the Eight-Point Cross)

The symbolism of the Russian Orthodox Cross is quite complex. The top bar symbolizes the title-board, which Pilate ordered put there to mock Christ. The middle bar is that on which Christ's hands were nailed. The slanted bottom beam is the foot-brace. In a prayer (for the Ninth Hour), the Cross is likened to a balance of righteousness:

"Between two thieves Thy Cross did prove to be a balance of righteousness: wherefore one of them was dragged down to Hades by the weight of his blasphemy, whereas the other was lightened of his transgressions unto the comprehension of theology. O Christ God, glory to Thee." Thus, one of the points is balanced towards Heaven and the other to Hell.